Section 14 Mental Health Application – Dismissing Criminal Charges

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What is the Section 14 Mental Health Application?

Before 27 March 2021, persons suffering from mental health conditions who were accused of NSW criminal offences could apply for an order referring them to a diversionary regime, rather than subjecting them to a penalty under the general criminal law. These applications were made under section 32 of the Mental Health (Forensic Provisions) Act 1990 (‘MHFPA’), commonly referred to as section 32’s.

Section 32 of the MHFPA gave the court the power to divert a defendant who is suffering from a mental health condition into the care and treatment of mental health professionals rather than dealing with them through the criminal justice system.

The Mental Health Act

The new Mental Health Act commenced operation in NSW on 27 March 2021. The legislation facilitating the new regime is the Mental Health and Cognitive Impairment Forensic Provisions Act 2020 (‘MHCIFPA’)

Under the MHCIFPA an application can be made to have an accused discharged pursuant to the provisions in Division 2 of the Act covering sections 7 to 17.

The Two Limbed Test – Are You Eligible and Is It More Appropriate?

Caselaw for section 32 applications is still relied upon for section 14 applications.

In the leading case of DPP v El Mawas [2006] NSWCCA 154, Judge McColl made clear that two limbs needed to be satisfied before an application could succeed.

Judge McColl stated:

When one turns to s 32 it can be seen it requires the Magistrate to make at least three decisions. The first is to determine, in accordance with s 32(1)(a), whether the defendant is eligible to be dealt with under that section.

The Magistrate must next determine whether, having regard to the facts alleged in the proceedings or such other evidence as the Magistrate may consider relevant (including presumably any information the Magistrate has garnered under s 36), “it would be more appropriate to deal with the defendant in accordance with the provisions of this Part than otherwise in accordance with the law”.

Once the Magistrate has determined that it is more appropriate to deal with the defendant in accordance with s 32, the Magistrate must determine which of the actions set out in subs (2) or (3) [of section 32] should be taken.

The two limbs of the application were contained in section 32 of the MHFP Act. The two limbs of the application are now contained in section 12 of the new Act, MHCIFPA.

Section 12(1) replicated the limb 1 test in the old regime. It states:

  • A Magistrate may make an order under this Division or adjourn proceedings if it appears to the Magistrate that the defendant has (or had at the time of the alleged commission of the offence to which the proceedings relate) a mental health impairment or a cognitive impairment, or both.

Section 12(1) only empowers a Magistrate to make orders under this section if the accused person is mentally impaired or cognitively impaired. The definitions of these impairments are expressed in sections 4 and 5 of MHCIFPA respectively.

Section 12(2) is the equivalent of limb 2 test in the old regime. It states:

The Magistrate may take action under this Division only if it appears to the Magistrate on an outline of the facts alleged in the proceedings or other evidence the Magistrate considers relevant, it would be more appropriate to deal with the Defendant in accordance with this Division than otherwise in accordance with law.
To guide the Magistrate on matters to consider when assessing the appropriates of dealing with the matter pursuant to section 14, section 15 provides eight factors for the Magistrate to consider. Section 15 states:

(a) the nature of the defendant’s apparent mental health impairment or cognitive impairment,

(b) the nature, seriousness and circumstances of the alleged offence,

(c) the suitability of the sentencing options available if the defendant is found guilty of the offence,

(d) relevant changes in the circumstances of the defendant since the alleged commission of the offence,

(e) the defendant’s criminal history,

(f) whether the defendant has previously been the subject of an order under this Act or section 32,

(g) whether a treatment or support plan has been prepared in relation to the defendant and the content of that plan,

(h) whether the defendant is likely to endanger the safety of the defendant, a victim of the defendant or any other member of the public,

(i) other relevant factors.

However, the Magistrate is not restricted to only those eight factors and may also consider other relevant factors per section 15(i).

A major component of the section 14 application is a well written report from a Psychologist or Psychiatrist which addresses the two limbs.

Length of the Order

In the old regime, an order for a section 32 application granted would be imposed for a period of 6 months.

In the new MHCIFPA there is no express provision that states a period an order can be made. However, section 16 of the MHCIFPA states:

(1) If a Magistrates suspects that a defendant has failed to comply with a condition of an order under section 14, the Magistrate may, within 12 months of the order being made, order the defendant to appear before the Magistrate.

Therefore, an order for a section 14 application granted is imposed for a period of 12 months.

Case Study

Our client aged in his 50s was charged with 3 counts of domestic violence related offences under the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW). Namely, assault occasioning actual bodily harm, intentionally choke person with recklessness, and intentionally choke person without consent.

Our client is a first-generation immigrant from the Middle East, and worked as a respected engineer in his field of study.

Upon review of the brief of evidence, our lawyer determine that when the alleged complainant was giving evidence by way of a recorded interview, the police did not follow correct procedures in relation to the interview. Amongst the errors by police including the police officer asking the complainant leading questions. Further, it was apparent that the complainant had issues speaking English and the police did not request for the assistance of an interpreter.

A letter was sent to the police informing them that the charges should be withdrawn as there is an argument as to whether the recorded interview is in fact admissible. It was proposed that the police ought to withdraw all charges against our client and have them replaced with one charge of common assault. The prosecution declined our request.

On the day of the hearing, the complainant attended and was cross-examined by Mr. Moussa. During morning tea, the prosecutor asked our office whether we would still be happy to proceed with our initial representations. Our client agreed. All charges were withdrawn and replaced with a common assault. The prosecution was not minded to change the facts.

On sentence our client was convicted and asked to pay a fine of $2,200.00.

Mr Moussa indicated that there are prospects of an appeal. Our client accepted our advice. A report was obtain by Dr. Olav Niellson, forensic psychiatrist. In that report it became apparent that our client was prescribed a medicine called “Fluoxetine” several hours before the offending. This, according to the opinion Dr. Niellson, contributed to mental and physical state our client was undergoing at the time.

Subsequently, Mr Moussa applied for a conviction appeal so that a section 14 application could be made. Although the application was opposed by the ODPP, Mr Moussa made a number of submissions in the District Court.

In the end, Judge Hoy quased the decision of the local court and a Section 14 application is granted to our client.

For more information on what a section 14 application, please click here.


A section 14 application dismisses the charge(s) and discharges a defendant into the care of a responsible person.  A successful section 14 application will mean the defendant is diverted from criminal law and dealt with under the MHCIFPA.

If you or someone you know has been charged with a criminal offence and would like to discuss a potential section 14 application, contact us today. Our Criminal Lawyers are experienced with making section 14 applications in court.

Why National Criminal Lawyers?

There are three reasons to choose National Criminal Lawyers:

1. Your best chance to get the result you’re after

We are the experts in either beating or having criminal charges withdrawn AND/OR obtaining the least restrictive penalty available. This is because no matter which option you choose within our tailored Options at Law you will be dealing with experienced criminal lawyers who can make sure the evidence is not only obtained properly but also that your case is prepared and presented to the highest best practice standards possible. This is also done without breaking your pocket.

2. How a Senior Defence Lawyer Can Help You Deal With Criminal Charges

No matter which option at law you choose, National Criminal Lawyers can guarantee that a Senior Defence Lawyer will represent you. This means that with our over 25 years of Combined criminal law experience you will get the best result possible.

3. National Criminal Lawyers are the best defenders of your rights

At National Criminal Lawyers we know that Criminal Law is a matter of Human Rights. For this reason, we take pride and passion in representing our clients. This pride and passion to assist those charged with an alleged or actual breach of the criminal law is to us a matter of righteous necessity and in that sense, you can always rest assured that National Criminal Lawyers are the best defenders of your rights. This true not only when the police have just simply got it wrong OR if they have got it right then we can speak with you and make sure you get you the best result available.

If you or someone you know has been charged with a criminal offence and would like to discuss a potential section 14 application, contact us today. Our Criminal Lawyers are experienced with making section 14 applications in court.

Please contact our office on 02 9893 1889 or visit for more information about your options.

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