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Kidnapping consists of taking or carrying away someone by force or fraud without the consent of that person and without a lawful excuse.
An offence of Kidnaping is a serious criminal offence which is only triable at Higher Courts (District or Supreme Court) on indictment by the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP).
The nature and elements of the offence for sentencing of Kidnapping together with the legal principles were considered in R v Speechley  NSWCCA 130.
Furthermore, the court in R v Newell  NSWCCA 183 at  identified factors relevant to the seriousness of a given offence under s 86 which include:
the period of the detention
the circumstances of the detention
the person being detained, and
the purpose of the detention.
The offence of Kidnapping is contained in section 86(1) of the Crimes Act 1900 which states:
A person who takes or detains a person, without the person’s consent:
with the intention of holding the person to ransom, or
with the intention of committing a serious indictable offence, or
with the intention of obtaining any other advantage,
is liable to imprisonment for 14 years.
The offence is aggravated if it is committed in the company of another person or persons, or if actual bodily harm was occasioned to the alleged victim at the time of, or immediately before or after the kidnapping. The maximum penalty is 20 years in these circumstances.
The offence is specially aggravated if it is committed in both the company of another person or persons, and if actual bodily harm was occasioned to the alleged victim at the time of, or immediately before or after the kidnapping. The maximum penalty is 25 years in these circumstances.
Since Kidnapping is a criminal offence, the burden of proof lies on the Prosecution.
The prosecution must prove the Accused’s guilt beyond reasonable doubt.
That is a high standard of proof that the prosecution must achieve before someone can be convicted of Kidnapping.
To establish Kidnapping, the prosecution must prove each of the following matters beyond reasonable doubt:
National Criminal Lawyers have been successful in defending a number of Kidnapping charges where the prosecution could not establish each of the elements of Kidnapping.
NCL offer the following options for those who have been charged with Kidnapping:
If you agree that you have committed the offence and the police are able to prove all the elements of the offence, it is best to plead guilty at an early opportunity to receive the maximum discount. Currently the maximum discount available for an early plea of guilty is 25% of the sentence.
Furthermore, the early guilty plea shows the Court that you have remorse and contrition for your actions.
Our Lawyers at National Criminal Lawyers work closely with you to ensure that we obtain all necessary paper work at increasing the chances of obtaining the best result.
In a non-aggravated cases Kidnapping can be punished with a maximum imprisonment of 14 years. Cases which are “Aggravated” Such as those done “in company” of another person or persons or if the victim sustains actual bodily harm carries a maximum Imprisonment of 20 years whereas specially aggravated cases carries a period of imprisonment for up to 25 years.
Please note that the penalties mentioned are reserved for the worse case offending and are unlikely to be the penalty you receive.
If you decide to plead not guilty you will need to prepare to go to a Defended Hearing.
A defended hearing is where all the witnesses of that case are called to give evidence. The witnesses are both examined by the prosecution and tested by your defence lawyers.
National Criminal Lawyers have defended several people charged with Kidnapping and are experts at these hearings.
Some of the possible defences available for those charged with Kidnapping can include:
In NSW, a court can impose any of the following penalties for a Kidnapping charge.
However, from the 24 September 2018 new penalty’s will be replacing the above. They are as follows:
We are the experts in either beating or having criminal charges withdrawn AND/OR obtaining the least restrictive penalty available. This is because no matter which option you choose within our tailored Options at Law you will be dealing with experienced criminal lawyers who can make sure the evidence is not only obtained properly but also that your case is prepared and presented to the highest best practice standards possible. This is also done without breaking your pocket.
No matter which option at law you choose, National Criminal Lawyers can guarantee that a Senior Defence Lawyer will represent you. This means that with our over 25 years of Combined criminal law experience you will get the best result possible.
At National Criminal Lawyers we know that Criminal Law is a matter of Human Rights. For this reason, we take pride and passion in representing our clients. This pride and passion to assist those charged with an alleged or actual breach of the criminal law is to us a matter of righteous necessity and in that sense, you can always rest assured that National Criminal Lawyers are the best defenders of your rights. This true not only when the police have just simply got it wrong OR if they have got it right then we can speak with you and make sure you get you the best result available.
If you have been charged with any Kidnapping offence our Team and National Criminal Lawyers are well versed and specialists in having charges either withdrawn and otherwise achieving favourable outcomes.
Please contact our office on 02 9893 1889 or visit www.nationalcriminallawyers.com.au for more information about your options.